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" President is authorized to use all necessary and appropriate force against those nations, organizations, or persons he determines planned, authorized, committed, or aided the terrorist attacks that occurred on September 11, 2001, or harbored such organizations... "
Losing Iraq: Inside the Postwar Reconstruction Fiasco - Page 15
by David L. Phillips - 2009 - 304 pages
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U.S. Foreign Policy Toward the Third World: A Post-Cold War Assessment

Jurgen Ruland - 2006 - 269 pages
...in the House, Congress passed Senate Joint Resolution 23, which authorized the president to employ force "against those nations, organizations, or persons,...authorized, committed, or aided the terrorist attacks" against the United States (emphasis added). In addition, Congress passed the USA Patriot Act, which...
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Divided Power: The Presidency, Congress, and the Formation of American ...

Donald R. Kelley - 2005 - 216 pages
...2001 resolution accepted the necessity of a military response overseas: "the President is authorized to use all necessary and appropriate force against those nations, organizations, or persons that he determines planned, authorized, or aided the terrorist attacks that occurred on September 11,...
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Losing Iraq: Inside the Postwar Reconstruction Fiasco

David L. Phillips - 2009 - 304 pages
...Marshall Plan to rebuild Europe; the creation of NATO (the North Atlantic Treaty Organisation) in 1 949 also affirmed the link between US security interests...the terrorist attacks that occurred on September 11, 200 1."9 Reflecting the international community's united support, France's Le Monde bore the headline,...
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The "new" Terrorism: Myths and Reality

Thomas R. Mockaitis - 2007 - 158 pages
...terrorism, [and] all terrorist groups."1 Three days later Congress resolved That the President is authorized to use all necessary and appropriate force against...terrorist attacks that occurred on September 11, 2001, or harbored such organizations or persons, in order to prevent any further acts of international terrorism...
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Not a Suicide Pact: The Constitution in a Time of National Emergency

Richard A. Posner - 2006 - 208 pages
...issued a joint resolution (the AUMF—Authorization for Use of Military Force) authorizing the president "to use all necessary and appropriate force against...terrorist attacks that occurred on September 11, 2001, or harbored such organizations or persons, in order to prevent any future acts of international terrorism...
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War by Other Means: An Insider's Account of the War on Terror

John Yoo - 2007 - 224 pages
...wasn't just a nonbinding expression of condemnation of the attacks. The law empowered the President "to use all necessary and appropriate force against...terrorist attacks that occurred on September 11, 2001. "23 The President's authority was not limited to the immediate perpetrators of the attacks but to any...
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A Legal Guide to Homeland Security and Emergency Management for State and ...

Ernest B. Abbott, Otto J. Hetzel - 2005 - 283 pages
...Force. With respect to activities linked to al Qaeda, 50 USC 1541 gives the president the authority to "use all necessary and appropriate force against...terrorist attacks that occurred on September 11, 2001, or harbored such organizations or persons, in order to prevent any future acts of international terrorism...
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Legislative Proposals to Update the Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Act ...

United States. Congress. House. Committee on the Judiciary. Subcommittee on Crime, Terrorism, and Homeland Security - 2006 - 110 pages
...program. In the AUMF, Congress authorized the President: Testimony of Robert Alt September 6, 2006 Page 2 to use all necessary and appropriate force against...terrorist attacks that occurred on September 11, 2001, or harbored such organizations or persons, in order to prevent any future acts of international terrorism...
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Iraq in U.S. Foreign Policy: Hearing Before the Committee on ..., Volume 4

United States. Congress. Senate. Committee on Foreign Relations - 2006 - 85 pages
...Force'. SEC. 2. AUTHORIZATION FOR USE OF UNITED STATES ARMED FORCES. (a) That the President is authorized to use all necessary and appropriate force against...terrorist attacks that occurred on September 11, 2001, or harbored such organizations or persons, in order to prevent any future acts of international terrorism...
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Yearbook of International Humanitarian Law - 2003, Volume 6; Volume 2003

Avril McDonald - 2006 - 874 pages
...use of military force' (hereafter, AUMF).5 Section 2 of the AUMF stated: 'The President is authorized to use all necessary and appropriate force against...aided the terrorist attacks that occurred on September 1 1, 2001, or harbored such organizations or persons, in order to prevent any future acts of international...
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