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A Key to the Pralms: By the rev, Religion and Manners, hy the rev.

William Cule, A. M. 8vo. 114 Walter Harper, 4to.

113

Nature and Use of Dr. James's Pow-

Lessons of Moral and Relig:ous In. der, 8vo.

709

drudion,

ibid. Norman Tales, by Le Grand, 12mo.

Letter and Letters. See Index.

118

Lettre, fur le Nom de la Planete Herf-

cbell. Par M de la Lande, 451 Oatas, in respect to Perjury: By the

Levi's Discourse to the Nation of the rev. R. P. Finch, D. D. 8vo. 355

lews, Svo.

116 Observation of the Christian Sabbath,

Liberty or Death. A Trad. By John by a Clergyman, 8vo.

Lowe, jun. 4to.

479 Observations on Mr. Dundas's India

Liddel's Seaman's New Wade Mecum, Budget, 8vo.

594
8vo.

233

--- on the City's Petition in

Lines on a late Resignation at the favour of the Tobacconists, 8vo.

Royal Academy, 4to.
588

598

Love in Many Masks : as altered

made in Regard to the
from Mrs. Behn's Rover, by J. P. District of Quebec, by the Court of

Kemble, 8vo.

$93 Common Pleas, 8vo.

Louisa, or the Reward of an affcc-

on Scruphula, Scurvy,

ciouate Daughter, 2 vols. 12mo. Leprosy, &c. by J. Rymer, Sur-

709

on Gangrenes and Mora
MACBETH reconsidered, 8vo. 116 tifications, by Charles White, esq.
The Maid of Kent, 3 vols. 12mo. 592

F. R. S.

ibid.
State and Faculties of Man, 4 vols. Si

on the Homilies of the
The Man of Enterprise. A Farce, 8vo. Church of England, 8vv. 712

229
Ode to Hope, 4to.

115
The Island of St. Marguerite : an 0. on the distant View of France,

ibid. from Dover Cliff, 4to.
St. Mark's Day: or King John's on the Duke of Dorset's Mar-
Freemen, &c. 4to.

714 riage with Miss Arabella Diana
Marshall's Rural Economy of Glou. Cope, 4to.

588
cestershire, 2 vols. concluded. 248 Two Odes of Horace, newly discover.
Martin's Marriage-Law of Scotland,

200
8vo.

236 Idées sur l'Opera. Par M. le Texier, 716
Memoire pour le Peuple François. 2d Edit.
8vo.

337 Paul and Mary, an Indian Story,
Memoirs and Travels of Mauritius 2 vols. 1 2mo.

232
Augustus, Count of Beryowiki, The English Peerage, from the Nora
2 vols. 4to.

533 man Conquest to the Beginning of
aud Opinions of Mr. Blen- the Year 1790, 3 vols. 4to. 56

field, 2 vols. 12mo.
592 Tbe Critical Period, 8vo.

711

of Prince William Heniy, Governor Phillip's Voyage to Botany-

Duke of Gloucester, son of Queen Bay, with 53 Copper-plates, 4tv. 82
Anne, 8vo.

736 Philosophical Transactions, vol. Ixxix.
of the Life of Robert Adair, for 1989. Part II. 4to. 516
efq. 4to.

717 W. Pickett, Esqr.'s Public Improve-
Memorial containing every particu-

234
lar respecting the Capture of the Pilkington's present State of Derby-

Vesels in Noutka-Sound, Svo. 594 Thire, with an Account of its most

Milton's Civil Power in Ecclefiaftical remarkable Antiquities, 2 vols. 8vo.

Causes, 8vo.
712

133, 447

De Montmorency. A Novel : with Pinkerton's Inquiry into the History

an Original Manuscript found in of Scotland, preceding the Reign
the Baltile, 2 vols. 1200. 356 of Malcolm II1. 2 vols. 8vo,

361
General History of Music. By Charles Poems by Susanna, 4to.

227
Burney,

34 Poctical Epittle to John Walcot, com

monly known by the Appellation

State of the Nation with respect to of Peter Pindar, 4to.

715

pera, 8vo.

588

ed, 4to.

ment, 8vo.

234

716

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Poetical Erlays, by a young Gentle- Review of a Discourse " on the Love

man of Oxford University, 354

of our Country," by Richard Price,

Eltys on Physiognomy, continued, &c. 8vo.

233
194, 265

of Dr. Price's " Love of vur
Plowdee's Thoughts upon the bene- Country," 8vo.

478
ficial Consequences of inrolling all Sbert Review of the British Govern-
Deeds, Wills, and Codiciis, alfcet- ment in India, 8vo.

512

ing Lands throughout England and Rigby's Reports of the Norwich ípe-

Wales, 8vo.

359

cial Provision Committee,

Popular Commotions considered as A Rowland for an Oliver, sto. 685

Signs of the approaching End of Rowley's Specific Differences of Men.
the World: a Sermon : By Wil. cal Diseases, 8vo.

710
liam Jones, M. A. F. R. S. 4to. 75 Russel's Sonnets and Miscellaneous

Poascript, by Anthony Pasquin, to the

Poems, 4to.

228

New Bath Guide, 8vo. 442

Pofthumous Works of Frederic II. SATFORY upon Scirrhous Tuniours

continued,

481

and Cancers, &c. 8vo. 472

Les Precices de ma Jeune/?, Sc. 8vo. Dr. Sayer's Dramatic Sketches of an.

cient Northern Mythology, 4t0.679

Dr. Price's Discourse “on the Love Sermon and Sermons. Sce INDEX.

of our Country," 8vo. 68 Sharp's Oration on the Secular Aani.

Principles of Moral Philosophy inves- versary of the Revolution, 8vo. 120

tigated: By Thomas Gifborne, Sheridan's Struggles, 410. 471

M.A. 8vo.

360 Shute, Lord Bithop of Sarum's Let.

Progresses and public Processions of ter to the Clergy of his Diocese,

Queen Elizabeth. By John Nichols, 8vo.

231

F.S. A. 2 vols. 4to.

48 Sinclair's History of the Public Re.

Prophecy of Isaiah vii. 14, 15, 16, venue of the British Empire, Part

compared with the Gospel of Ma-

671

thew i. 184-23. By Krau- Sketch of Prerogative and Influence.

ter, D. D. 8vo.

8vo.

318

Protestant Catechism, translated fiom Slaves and Slave-Trade. See INDEX.

the French, by S. Catlow, 1200. Tbc Infamy of Smuggling. By Edw.

470 Hankin, M. A. Svo.

589

Sonners to Eliza, 460.

598

RADZIVIL, a Romance, translated Speech of the right hon. Mr. Fleou,

from the Russ of M. Wocklow, 3 on a Resorni of the Representation

vols. 12mo.

118

in Parliament, 8vo.

596

Rayusford Park; a Novel, 4 vols. 357 Speech of the right hon. Edm. Burke,

New Theory of Redemption, 2 vols. in the Debate on the Army Esti.

8vo.

143 mates, &c. 8vo.

474

Tbe Death, &c. of Mrs. Regency, 8vo. Speech of Count Clermont de Tour

119 nere, on the Subject of admitting

Remarks by G. Wakefield on Dr. Non-Catholics, Comedians, and

Horsley's Ordination Sernion, 8vo. Jews, to ail the Privileges of Citi:

14

zens, &vo.

715

on some of Shakespeare's Earl Stanhope's Answer to Mr. Burke's

Characters,

116 Speech on the French Revolution,

The Second Report and Address of the 8vo.

Philanthropic Society, 8vo.

Autbentic Statement of all the Facts

Report of Commislioners appointed relative tv Novtka Sonnd, 8vo. 595

to enquire into the Woods, Forests, The Statue Room, an Historical Tale,

and Land Revenues of thc Crown, by Miss Ballin, 2 vols. 12mo. 477

8vo.

599 Supplement to M. de Fourcroy's Elc.

Representation of the Lords of the dients of Natural History and Chee

Committee of Council, appointed mistry, 8vo.

412

for the Confideration of all Matters Fufiumond's Surgical Trads. Collected
relating to Trade and Foreign Plan- by W. Houllion, 4to. 641
tations, &c. 4to.

718 Swainson's Account of Cures from
Retrospeå of the Condu & of Admi. Velno's Vegetable Syrup', 733
nitration, 8vo.
710

T'A:-

586

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TATRILL'S Effects of Divine Grace Department in the British Navy,

in the Redemption of Sinners, 460. with a Method of Reform propoled,

587 8vo.

473

Principles of Taxation, inquired into, Turner's Essays on important Subjeds,

4to.

502

2 vols. 12 mo.

Dikourse on Telts Sacramental. By The Turtle-Dove. A Tale from the

R. Robinfor, 8vo.

114 French, 8vo.

714

Tbeological Tracts, ip Verle and Profe,

8vo.

238 VALENTINE, a Novel, 2 vols. 12mo.

The Theriad: an Heroi-Comic Poeni:

477

By a Young Gentleman, 8v. 115 Tbe Genera Vermium of Linnæus.

Thoaghts on the distinct Provinces of

Part II. 4to.

628

Revelation and Philofophy, 4to. 119 Verses on the Philanthropic Society,

in the form of Maxims, by the rev. W. Lisle Bowles, 4to.

addressed to young Ladies, by the

353

Countefs Dowager of Carlille, 8vo. Victorina, a Nuvel, from the French,

238 2 vols. 12mo.

713

The Toast-Master,

233 Vindication of speaking openly in fa-

Tophan's Life of the late John Elwes, vour of the Divine Unity, 12mo. 470

599 Voyage du Jeune Anacbarsis en Grece.

A Tour through Part of France, in a

569

Scries of Letters, 8vo,

173

up the Straits. By Captain Pr. Walker's Inquiry into the Small-

Sutherland, 8vo.

508 pox, Medical and Political, 8vo.

Tour from Bengal to Persia, in the

634

Years 1786, 7. By W. Francklin, West's Observations on the late Royal

8vo.

305

Excursions, 4to.

228

Travels in Spain : by the Chevalier · Comparative Advantages of Wheel Car-

de Bourgoanne : To which are add-

riages. By Robert Anftice, 8vo.

ed, cupiows Extracts from the El-

717

fays on Spain ef M. Peyron, 3 vols. Speeches of W. Wilberforce, esq. on

8vo, illustrated with 12 Copper-' the abolition of the Slave-Trade,

places,

13 8vo.

in Sicily and Malta, translated Willis's Actions of the Apostles, 8vo.

from the French, 8vo.

373

172

Trentham-Park, a Poem. By Wil-

liam Fernyhough, A. B. 4to. 115 Arnold ZyLIG, a Swiss Story, r2mo.

Dr. Trotter's Review of the Medical

593

THE

CRITICAL REVIEW.

For J A NU A RY, 1790.

Biographia Britannica: or, the Lives of the most eminent Persons

wbo kave fisurished in Great Britain and Ireland, from the Earliest Ages to the present Times: collected from the beft Au1horities, printed and Manuscript, and digested in the Manner of Mr. Bayle's Hiftorical and Critical Dictionary. The Second Edition, critb Corrections, Enlargements, and the Additon of new Lives. By Andrew Kippis, D. D. F. R. S. and S. A. with the Alliance of the Rev. Joseph Towers, LL. D. and other Gentlemen. Volume the Fourih. Folio. 11. 135. in

Boards. Rivingtons. IT T is pleasing to reflect that the British Biography, in this net

edition, exceeds so far in bulk and in importance what occurred in the last impression. The English foil continues to rear its sturdy oaks in almost every department of literature; and, to examine the merits of these monarchs of the literary world, as well as to detail the events of their lives, constitute a task at once arduous, necessary, and important. Biography, as we have often had occasion to remark, is neither an ignoble, nor an easy tak: each man has his distinguishing features, which must not only be faithfully pourtrayed, but accurately arranged, and the compofition of the whole picture must be equally exact and consistent. But it is not the character only of the individual which the author of a general system of biography must confider. The mind of a literary man is developed and expanded in his works. These are the blossoms which engage more general attention, and are either attractive from their beauty, or interesting from their utility. The exertions of his mind will throw additional light on his character; and his opinions must be collected with care, and examined with impartiality. They must be brought into one fvfein; and again diftinguished as they are connected or contrafted with opinions and sys. tems already known. If, in the publication of thefe opinions, disputes should have arisen, they must be considered not with the diffuseness of the man, who would conceal nothing, but with the fagacity and precision of a philosopher, who can select the points of importance; the hinges on which the con: Vol. LXIX. Jan. 1790.

B

troversy troversy hangs. In every part of this talk, the biographer must contend with contradictory reports, with studied fallacy, or accidental misrepresentation. To discover truth, he must examine every material evidence, must combine difiant events, and often, in the end, depend on probabilities, because, at a distance from the period, these alone are left for his information. We have given only fpecimens of the difficulties which he must frequently meet with : they will be found often complicated with adventitious ones, or rendered more formidable by the total absence of a clue. We have enlarged a little on them, as we , hear with regret that the editor means to retire, not only from his oftensible office, but from his very active share in the work; and, as we not only wish to apprise his successors of the difficulty of their task, but to establish the foundation on which works of this kind mould be appreciated.

The former volumes of the Biographia Britannica we noticed in our XLVIlth volume, p. 25; in the XLIXth, p. 185, and in the LVIIIth, p. 44, respectively. To these articles we must refer for information concerning the former work, and the conduct proposed for this edition : įt is now' our more immediate business to examine the fourth volume of this refpectable col. lection.

The circumstances, more immediately relative to this volume, are mentioned' at some length in the preface. The lives' of Chatterton and Cook are, perhaps, of a disproportionate extent; but the editor' apologises for this fault with unequal effect. We allow that works of this kind are destined for a future age, when the sources from whence the information is drawn are become scarce, or are forgotten; and an abridgnient of the Voyages of captain Cook was a proper appendage to his Life. Perhaps, and the editor seems to allow it, the abridgment is too minute for a biographical di&tionary only; but, while there is so much original information to be conveyed, we forget the fault in the entertainment. The extent of Chatterton's Life is not so well supported : the dispute concerning Rowley was between bigotry, refinement, and error on one fide ; and a genuine knowledge of antiquity, judgment, and discernment on the other. It might have been discussed in two pages. Chatterton was no doubt an extraordinary young man ; but his dextrous imitations rendered him more cor.spicuous than the extent of his knowledge, which, though much celebrated, will not be fourid greatly superior to what a lad of quick comprehension might have attained with the fame advantages. We mult continue to think that the Life of Chatterton, as it is written, is no ornament to the work. Dr. Kippis justly observes, that from the accumulation of new books, and the prejudices of fashion,

many

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