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Liddel's Seaman's New Wade Mecum, Budget, 8vo.
--- on the City's Petition in
Love in Many Masks : as altered
made in Regard to the
ciouate Daughter, 2 vols. 12mo. Leprosy, &c. by J. Rymer, Sur-
on Gangrenes and Mora
F. R. S.
on the Homilies of the
ibid. from Dover Cliff, 4to.
714 riage with Miss Arabella Diana
236 Idées sur l'Opera. Par M. le Texier, 716
337 Paul and Mary, an Indian Story,
533 man Conquest to the Beginning of
Duke of Gloucester, son of Queen Bay, with 53 Copper-plates, 4tv. 82
736 Philosophical Transactions, vol. Ixxix.
717 W. Pickett, Esqr.'s Public Improve-
Vesels in Noutka-Sound, Svo. 594 Thire, with an Account of its most
De Montmorency. A Novel : with Pinkerton's Inquiry into the History
an Original Manuscript found in of Scotland, preceding the Reign
34 Poctical Epittle to John Walcot, com
monly known by the Appellation
Eltys on Physiognomy, continued, &c. 8vo.
of Dr. Price's " Love of vur
Popular Commotions considered as A Rowland for an Oliver, sto. 685
Signs of the approaching End of Rowley's Specific Differences of Men.
Dr. Price's Discourse “on the Love Sermon and Sermons. Sce INDEX.
of our Country," 8vo. 68 Sharp's Oration on the Secular Aani.
to enquire into the Woods, Forests, The Statue Room, an Historical Tale,
and Land Revenues of thc Crown, by Miss Ballin, 2 vols. 12mo. 477
599 Supplement to M. de Fourcroy's Elc.
Representation of the Lords of the dients of Natural History and Chee
Committee of Council, appointed mistry, 8vo.
for the Confideration of all Matters Fufiumond's Surgical Trads. Collected
718 Swainson's Account of Cures from
By a Young Gentleman, 8v. 115 Tbe Genera Vermium of Linnæus.
For J A NU A RY, 1790.
Biographia Britannica: or, the Lives of the most eminent Persons
wbo kave fisurished in Great Britain and Ireland, from the Earliest Ages to the present Times: collected from the beft Au1horities, printed and Manuscript, and digested in the Manner of Mr. Bayle's Hiftorical and Critical Dictionary. The Second Edition, critb Corrections, Enlargements, and the Additon of new Lives. By Andrew Kippis, D. D. F. R. S. and S. A. with the Alliance of the Rev. Joseph Towers, LL. D. and other Gentlemen. Volume the Fourih. Folio. 11. 135. in
Boards. Rivingtons. IT T is pleasing to reflect that the British Biography, in this net
edition, exceeds so far in bulk and in importance what occurred in the last impression. The English foil continues to rear its sturdy oaks in almost every department of literature; and, to examine the merits of these monarchs of the literary world, as well as to detail the events of their lives, constitute a task at once arduous, necessary, and important. Biography, as we have often had occasion to remark, is neither an ignoble, nor an easy tak: each man has his distinguishing features, which must not only be faithfully pourtrayed, but accurately arranged, and the compofition of the whole picture must be equally exact and consistent. But it is not the character only of the individual which the author of a general system of biography must confider. The mind of a literary man is developed and expanded in his works. These are the blossoms which engage more general attention, and are either attractive from their beauty, or interesting from their utility. The exertions of his mind will throw additional light on his character; and his opinions must be collected with care, and examined with impartiality. They must be brought into one fvfein; and again diftinguished as they are connected or contrafted with opinions and sys. tems already known. If, in the publication of thefe opinions, disputes should have arisen, they must be considered not with the diffuseness of the man, who would conceal nothing, but with the fagacity and precision of a philosopher, who can select the points of importance; the hinges on which the con: Vol. LXIX. Jan. 1790.
troversy troversy hangs. In every part of this talk, the biographer must contend with contradictory reports, with studied fallacy, or accidental misrepresentation. To discover truth, he must examine every material evidence, must combine difiant events, and often, in the end, depend on probabilities, because, at a distance from the period, these alone are left for his information. We have given only fpecimens of the difficulties which he must frequently meet with : they will be found often complicated with adventitious ones, or rendered more formidable by the total absence of a clue. We have enlarged a little on them, as we , hear with regret that the editor means to retire, not only from his oftensible office, but from his very active share in the work; and, as we not only wish to apprise his successors of the difficulty of their task, but to establish the foundation on which works of this kind mould be appreciated.
The former volumes of the Biographia Britannica we noticed in our XLVIlth volume, p. 25; in the XLIXth, p. 185, and in the LVIIIth, p. 44, respectively. To these articles we must refer for information concerning the former work, and the conduct proposed for this edition : įt is now' our more immediate business to examine the fourth volume of this refpectable col. lection.
The circumstances, more immediately relative to this volume, are mentioned' at some length in the preface. The lives' of Chatterton and Cook are, perhaps, of a disproportionate extent; but the editor' apologises for this fault with unequal effect. We allow that works of this kind are destined for a future age, when the sources from whence the information is drawn are become scarce, or are forgotten; and an abridgnient of the Voyages of captain Cook was a proper appendage to his Life. Perhaps, and the editor seems to allow it, the abridgment is too minute for a biographical di&tionary only; but, while there is so much original information to be conveyed, we forget the fault in the entertainment. The extent of Chatterton's Life is not so well supported : the dispute concerning Rowley was between bigotry, refinement, and error on one fide ; and a genuine knowledge of antiquity, judgment, and discernment on the other. It might have been discussed in two pages. Chatterton was no doubt an extraordinary young man ; but his dextrous imitations rendered him more cor.spicuous than the extent of his knowledge, which, though much celebrated, will not be fourid greatly superior to what a lad of quick comprehension might have attained with the fame advantages. We mult continue to think that the Life of Chatterton, as it is written, is no ornament to the work. Dr. Kippis justly observes, that from the accumulation of new books, and the prejudices of fashion,