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HEARINGS

BEFORE A

U.S. Cap. L ŞUBCOMMITTEE OF THE 4 COMMITTEE ON LABOR AND PUBLIC WELFARE

UNITED STATES SENATE

EIGHTIETH CONGRESS

FIRST SESSION

ON

S. 984

A BILL TO PROHIBIT DISCRIMINATION IN EMPLOYMENT

BECAUSE OF RACE, RELIGION, COLOR

NATIONAL ORIGIN OR ANCESTRY

JUNE 11, 12, 13, 18, 19, 20, JULY 16, 17, and 18, 1947

Printed for the use of the Committee on Labor and Public Welfare

[blocks in formation]

.75 1947

2

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COMMITTEE ON LABOR AND PUBLIC WELFARE

ROBERT A. TAFT, Ohio, Chairman GEORGE D. AIKEN, Vermont

ELBERT D. THOMAS, Utah JOSEPH H. BALL, Minnesota

JAMES E. MURRAY, Montana H. ALEXANDER SMITH, New Jersey CLAUDE PEPPER, Florida WAYNE MORSE, Oregon

ALLEN J. ELLENDER, Louisiana FORREST C. DONNELL, Missouri

LISTER HILL, Alabama
WILLIAM E. JENNER, Indiana
IRVING M. IVES, New York

PHILIP R. RODGERS, Clerk

SUBCOMMITTEE

FORREST C. DONNELL, Missouri, Chairman
H. ALEXANDER SMITH, New Jersey JAMES E. MURRAY, Montana
IRVING M. IVES, New York

ALLEN J. ELLENDER, Louisiana

II

65

ALPHABETICAL LIST OF WITNESSES

Barbour, Clarence, representing Students for Demorratic Action, University

Page
of North Carolina--

466

Boyd, Dr. Beverley M., executive secretary, department of Christian social

relations, Federal Council of the Churches of Christ in America, New

York, N. Y

5+

Bustard, Joseph L., assistant commission of education, department of educa-

tion, State of New Jersey.

355

Cardinal, Rev. Edward, C. S. V., director, Sheil School of Social Studies,

Chicago, Ill.

81

Chavez, Hon. Dennis, United States Senator from the State of New Mexico. 21

Crozier, Harry Benge, chairman-executive director, Teras Employment

Commission.-

627

Epstein, Henry, chairman, National Community Relations Advisory Council,

New York, N. Y.

447

Garside, Charles, chairman, New York State Commission Against Dis-

crimination, New York, N. Y.-

322

Gilbert, Robert W., cochairman, Los Angeles Chapter, National ('ouncil for

a Permanent FEPC--

478

Goldman, Frank, national president, B'nai B'rith, Lowell, Mass..

221

Green, William, president, American Federation of Labor.-

483

Harrison, Gilbert, national vice chairman, American Vete ns Committee.. 169
Herzberg, Ben, American Jewish Committee, New York, N. Y.

211
Humphrey, Hon. Hubert H., mayor, Minneapolis, Minn..

129
Hutcheson, Dr. R. H., State commissioner of health, Nashville, Tenn.

717
Ives, Hon. Irving M., United States Senator from the State of New York_
Johnson, Mrs. Elizabeth J., Washington bureau, National Fraternal Council
of Negro Churches in America, Washington, D. C----

137

Kovner, Joseph, American Civil Liberties Union, Washington, D. C-

139

Latham, Robert, international vice president, Food, Tobacco, Agricultural,

and Allied Workers Union of America, CIO_-

536, 541

Lee, Dr. J. Oscar, executive secretary, department of race relations, Federal
Council of the Churches of Christ in America, New York, N. Y..

54
Lloyd, David D., director, research and legislation, Americans for Demo-
cratic Action, Washington, D. C--

476

Long, Raymond V., director, Virginia State Planning Board, Richmond, Va.. 621

Looney, Frank J., attorney, Shreveport, La--

560

Mahoney, Mildred H., chairman, Fair Employment Practice Commission,

Boston, Mass_-

105

Marshall, Mrs. Katharine L., Women's International League for Peace and

Freedom, Washington, D. C.-

211

Masaoka, Mike M., national legislative director, Japanese-American Citi-

zen's League Anti-Discrimination Committee, Inc.

19.

Myers, E. Pauline, national legislative representative, civil liberties depart-

ment, Improved, Benevolent, Protective Order of Elks of the World.

510

Quigg, Floyd B., editor-publisher, Wood Industries Weekly, Washington,

D. C.--

638

Randolph, A. Philip, cochairman, National Council for a Permanent FEPC,

Washington, D. C---

101

Rankin, Hon. John E., Representative in Congress from the State of

Mississippi.

678

Ray, Rev. Sandy F., chairman, social service commission, National Baptist
Convention, U. S. A., Inc-

27.

Reuther, Walter P., president, United Automobile, Aircraft, Agricultural Page
Implement Workers of America (UAW-('10) --

279
Rosenblum, Rabbi William F., president, Synagogue Council of America,
New York, N. Y.---.

39
Salert, Irving, field director, Jewish Labor Committee, New York, N. Y. 501
Saunders, T. Brady, president, Miller Manufacturing Co., Richmond, Va_ 608
Schottland, Col. Charles I., national executive director, Jewish War Vet-
erans of the United States.

523
Searle, Rev. Robert W., executive secretary, human relations commission,
Protestant Council of the City of New York, New York, N. Y.

266
Spence, Paulsen, president, Spence Engineering ('0., Walden, N. Y.

592
Stephens, Roderick, Westchester County, N. Y.

393
Taylor, Tyre, general counsel, Southern States Industrial Council, Wash-
ington, D. C__

727
Thomas, Julius A., director, department of industrial relations, National
Urban League, New York, N. Y

217
Turner, Henry C., attorney, New York, N. Y.

322
Wedel, Mrs. Theodore 0., chairman, committee on Christian social rela-
tions, United Council of Church Women, Washington, D. C---

479
Wilkins, Roy, assistant national executive secretary, National Association
for the Advancement of Colored People

182
Williams, Paul D., president, Southern Regional Council, Richmond, Va.. 532, 539
Wise, Dr. Stephen S., president, American Jewish Congress -

153
Wolfe, Mrs. H., national committee on education and social action, National
Council of Jewish Women-

272
Wright, Hon. Fielding L., Governor of the State of Mississippi, Jackson,
Miss_

645
Wubnig, Mrs. Sylvia, the National League of Women Shoppers, Inc_

518

Wednesday, June 11, 1947 :

Hon. Irving M. Ives, United States Senator fro the State of New

York

Hon. Dennis Chavez, United States Senator from the State of New

Mexico

Rabbi William F. Rosenblum, president, Synagogue Council of Ameri-

ca, New York, N. Y.--

Dr. Beverley M. Boyd, executive secretary, department of Christian

social relations, Federal Council of the Churches of Christ in Ameri-

ca, New York, N. Y.-

Dr. J. Oscar Lee, executive secretary, department of race relations,

Federal Council of the Churches of Christ in America, New York,

N. Y.---

Rev. Edward Cardinal, C. S. V., director, Sheil School of Social Studies,

Chicago, Ill---

A. Philip Randolph, cochairman, National Council for a Permanent

FEPC, Washington, D. C----

Thursday, June 12, 1947 :

Mr. Elizabeth J. Johnson, Washington bureau, National Fraternal

Council of Negro Churches in America, Washington, D. C----

Joseph Kovner, American Civil Liberties Union, Washington, D. C----

Dr. Stephen S. Wise, president, American Jewish Congress.

Gilbert Harrison, national vice chairman, American Veterans Com-

mittee

Roy Wilkins, assistant national executive secretary, National Asso-

ciation for the Advancement of Colored People

Mike M. Masaoka, national legislative director, Japanese-American

Citizens League Anti-Discrimination Committee, Inc-----

Friday, June 13, 1947 :

Ben Herzberg, American Jewish Committee, New York, N. Y--

Frank Goldman, national president, B'nai B'rith, Lowell, Mass..

Mrs. Katherine L. Marshall, Women's International League for Peace

and Freedom, Washington, D. C----

Julius A. Thomas, director, department of industrial relations, National

Urban League, New York, N. Y.

Friday, June 13, 1947–Continued

Rev. Robert W. Searle, executive secretary, human relations commis-

sion, Protestant Council of the City of New York, New York, N. Y----

Mrs. H. Wolfe, national committee on education and social action,

National Council of Jewish Women -

Rev. Sandy F. Ray, chairman, social service commission, National

Baptist Convention, U. S. A., Inc------

Wednesday, June 18, 1947:

Walter P. Reuther, president, United Automobile, Aircraft, Agricul-

tural Implement Workers of America (UAW-CIO)--

Charles Garside, chairman, New York State Commission Against

Discrimination, New York, N. Y-

Henry C. Turner, attorney, New York, N. Y.

Joseph L. Bustard, assistant commissioner of education, department

of education, State of New Jersey

"Roderick Stephens, Westchester County, N. Y--

Thursday, June 19, 1947:

Mildred H. Mahoney, chairman, Fair Employment Practice Commis-

sion, Boston, Mass_

Hon. Hubert H. Humphrey, mayor, Minneapolis, Minn..

Henry Epstein, chairman, National Community Relations Advisory

Council, New York, N. Y----

Clarence Barbour, representing Students for Democratic Action, Uni-

versity of North Carolina.

David D. Lloyd, director, research and legislation, Americans for

Democratic Action, Washington, D. C----

.Robert W. Gilbert, cochairman, Los Angeles chapter, National Council

for a Permanent FEPC.--

Mrs. Theodore 0. Wedel, chairman, committee on Christian social rela-

tions, United Council of Church Women, Washington, D. C--

Friday, June 20, 1947 :

William Green, president, American Federation of Labor.--

Irving Salert, field director, Jewish Labor Committee, New York,

N. Y..

E. Pauline Myers, national legislative representative, civil liberties

department, Improved, Benevolent, Protective Order of Elks of the

World_

Mus. Sylvia Wubnig, the National League of Women Shoppers, Inc.-

Col. Charles I. Schottland, national executive director, Jewish War

Veterans of the United States.

Paul D. Williams, president, Southern Regional Council, Richmond,

Va.

Robert Latham, international vice president, Food, Tobacco, Agricul-

tural, and Allied Workers Union of America, CIO-

Wednesday, July 16, 1947 :

Frank J. Looney, attorney, Shreveport, La----

Paulsen Spence, president, Spence Engineering Co., Walden, N. Y.-

T. Brady Saunders, president, Miller Manufacturing Co., Richmond,

Va.

Raymond V. Long, director, Virginia State Planning Board, Richmond,

Va..

Harry Benge Crozier, chairman-executive director, Texas Employ-

ment Commission.--

Floyd B. Quigg, editor-publisher, Wood Industries Weekly, Washing-

ton, D. C._

Thursday, July 17, 1947:

Hon. Fielding L. Wright, Governor of the State of Mississippi, Jack-

son, Miss.

Hon. John E. Rankin, Representative in Congress from the State of

Mississippi --

Dr. R. U. Hutcheson, State commissioner of health, Nashville, Tenn--

Friday, July 18, 1947 :

Tyre Taylor, general counsel, Southern States Industrial Council,

Washington, D. C----

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