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CHEMICAL-BIOLOGICAL WARFARE:
U.S. POLICIES AND INTERNATIONAL EFFECTS

HEARINGS

BEFORE THE

SUBCOMMITTEE ON NATIONAL SECURITY
POLICY AND SCIENTIFIC DEVELOPMENTS

OF THE

COMMITTEE ON FOREIGN AFFAIRS
HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES

NINETY-FIRST CONGRESS

FIRST SESSION

NOVEMBER 18, 20; DECEMBER 2, 9, 18, AND 19, 1969

Printed for the use of the Committee on Foreign Affairs

U.S. GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE

WASHINGTON : 1970

For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office

Washington, D.C. 20402 - Price $2.25

COMMITTEE ON FOREIGN AFFAIRS
THOMAS E. MORGAN, Pennsylvania, Chairman

CLEMENT J. ZABLOCKI, Wisconsin
WAYNE L. HAYS, Ohio
L. H. FOUNTAIN, North Carolna
DANTE B. FASCELL, Florida
LEONARD FARBSTEIN, New York
CHARLES C. DIGGS, JR., Michigan
WILLIAM T. MURPHY, Illinois
CORNELIUS E. GALLAGHER, New Jersey
ROBERT N. C. NIX, Pennsylvania
JOHN S. MONAGAN, Connecticut
DONALD M. FRASER, Minnesota
BENJAMIN S. ROSENTHAL, New York
EDWARD R. ROYBAL, California
JOHN C. CULVER, Iowa
LEE H. HAMILTON, Indiana
JOHN V. TUNNEY, California
ABRAHAM KAZEN, JR., Texas
LESTER L. WOLFF, New York
JONATHAN B. BINGHAM, New York
GUS YATRON, Pennsylvania

E. ROSS ADAIR, Indiana
WILLIAM S. MAILLIARD, California
PETER H. B. FRELINGHUYSEN, New Jersey
WILLIAM S. BROOMFIELD, Michigan
J. IRVING WHALLEY, Pennsylvania
H. R. GROSS, Iowa
E. Y. BERRY, South Dakota
EDWARD J. DERWINSKI, Illinois
F. BRADFORD MORSE, Massachusetts
VERNON W. THOMSON, Wisconsin
JAMES G. FULTON, Pennsylvania
PAUL FINDLEY, Illinois
JOHN BUCHANAN, Alabama
ROBERT TAFT, JR., Ohio
SHERMAN P. LLOYD, Utab
J. HERBERT BURKE, Florida
WILLIAM V. ROTH, JR., Delaware

BOYD CRAWFORD, Staff Administrator
Roy J. BULLOCK, Senior Staf Consultant
ALBERT C. F. WESTPHAL, Staf Consultant
FRANKLIN J. SCHUPP, Staff Consultant
HARRY C. CROMER, Staff Consultant i
PHILIP B. BILLINGS, Staff Consultant
MARIAN A. CZARNECKI, Staff Consultant
MELVIN O. BENSON, Staff Consultant
EVERETT E. BIERMAN, Staff Consultant
JOHN J. BRADY, Jr., Staff Consultant
JOHN H. SULLIVAN, Stajj Consultant
ROBERT J. BOWEN, Clerical Assistant
JUNE NIGH, Senior Staff Assistant
HELEN C. MATTAS, Staff Assistant
HELEN L. HASHAGEN, Staff Assistant
LOUISE O'BRIEN, $taj A88istant
DORA B. MCCRACKEN, Staff A88istant
JEAN E. SMITH, Stal Assistant
NANCY C. PEDEN, Staf A 88istant
PAULA L. PEAK, Staj Assistant

SUBCOMMITTEE ON NATIONAL SECURITY POLICY AND SCIENTIFIC DEVELOPMENTS [To deal with all matters affecting our foreign relations that concern matters of national

security and scientific developments affecting foreign policy, including the national space program, mutual defense, and the operation of our high strategy generally)

CLEMENT J. ZABLOCKI, Wisconsin, Chairman

WAYNE L. HAYS, Ohio

VERNON W. THOMSON, Wisconsin ROBERT N. C. NIX, Pennsylvania

WILLIAM S. BROOMFIELD, Michigan L. H. FOUNTAIN, North Carolina

PAUL FINDLEY, Illinois CORNELIUS E. GALLAGHER, New Jersey JAMES G. FULTON, Pennsylvania DONALD N. FRASER, Minnesota

ROBERT TAFT, JR., Ohio

John H. SULLIVAN, Staff Consultant
JUNE NIGH, Senior Staff Assistant
PAULA L. PEAK, Staff Assistant

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Tuesday, Norember 18, 1969:

Hon. John Dellenback, a Representative in Congress from the State of

Oregon

Hon. Donald M. Fraser, a Representative in Congress from the State

of Minnesota---

Hon. Richard D. McCarthy, a Representative in Congress from the

State of New York..

Thursday, November 20, 1969:

Dr. Ivan L. Bennett, Jr., director, New York University Medical

Center

Prof. George Bunn, visiting professor of law at the University of Wis-

consin School of Law..

Tuesday, December 2, 1969 :

Dr. Arthur W. Galston, professor of biology and lecturer in forestry,

Yale University

Dr. Joshua Lederberg, professor of genetics, Stanford University.

Han Swyter, former member of the staff of the Secretary of Defense -

Tuesday, December 9, 1969:

Dr. Judith S. Bellin, Women Strike for Peace, New York---

Hon. Robert W. Kastenmeier, a Representative in Congress from the

State of Wisconsin.---

Dr. E. J. Lieberman, Scientists' Committee on Chemical and Biological

Warfare

Miss Patricia A. Samuel, legislative director, Women's International

League for Peace and Freedom.--

Thursday, December 18, 1969:

W. Bowman Cutter, Chief, Advanced Weapons Division, Science and

Technology Bureau, Arms Control and Disarmament Agency --

Howard Furnas, special assistant to the Director, Arms Control and

Disarmament Agency --

Thomas R. Pickering, Deputy Director, Bureau of Politico-Military

Affairs, Department of State...

John B. Rhinelander, Deputy Legal Adviser, Department of State ---

Friday, December 19, 1969:

Benjamin Forman, Assistant General Counsel for International

Affairs, Department of Defense

Albert E. Hayward, Assistant Director, Chemical Technology, Defense

Research and Engineering, Department of Defense--

Rear Admiral William E. Lemos, Director, Policy Plans and National

Security Council Affairs, Office of the Assistant Secretary of De-

fense for International Security Affairs.

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